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cene Three
    1642 PANEL



Henry Lyte 1529-1607 was born and lived all his life at Lytes Cary in Somerset. The house (see 1619 panel) now belongs to the National Trust. Lyte had a botanic garden there where we see one of his gardeners trimming the topiary whilst giving the glad eye to one of the housemaids. That garden, long gone was replaced by today’s Elizabethan style one laid out by Sir Walter Jenner in the 1900’s. Lyte’s real fame however, was as the author of his Niew Herbal published in London in 1578, a translation from the Flemish of Dodoens and dedicated to Queen Elizabeth. It became known as  ‘Lyte’s Herbal’ and so popular that it was reprinted in 1586, 1595 and 1619 and was still being so in 1678. Less well known today was the fact that he published a pedigree of the Kings of England and Scotland ‘proving’ their descent from Brutus the Trojan (See 1619 panel again). James 1st was delighted.


John Parkinson 1567-1650

Probably from Nottinghamshire, he was a herbalist who became the apothecary to King James 1st and we see him in the picture attending to the monarch who is applying liberal amounts of herbs to his meal at Theobolds in Hertfordshire. His first work was ‘Paradisi in Sole Paradisus Terrestris’, ‘or a garden of all sorts of pleasant flowers, with a kitchen garden …and an orchard’. (2 editions) Parkinson’s second great work was ‘Theatrum Botanicum’, ‘The Theatre of Plants or an Universall and Compleate Herbal’. It remained the most complete English treatise on the subject until the time of John Ray or Wray 1527-1713 one of the founders of the true principals of classification in the vegetable and animal kingdom.


C. Hammer with a File and Piercer D. Chisel

E. Chisel F. Mallet G. Vine Knife H. Saw


WILD CANDYTUFT  Iberis armara.  ‘The roots gathered in Autumne do heate and burne, and are a good successe with swines grease made up in the manner of a plasister for sciatica’. Dioscorides

POT MARIGOLD   Calendula.  ‘The floures and leaves of Marigolds being distilled, and the water dropped into red and watery eyes, ceaseth the inflammation, and taketh away the paine ’. Gerard.

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